Hand, as specialized organ, is responsible for many functions in our body. It is a perfect organ – it can serve as a strong tool for pushing, lifting weights, wrestling, and, at the same time, perform very precise and complicated movements, such as sewing or writing. It is because of this broad specialization of the limbs that their capability decides about the level of functioning of every man. Development of cerebral cortex and a complicated nervous mechanism makes our hands and palms something exceptional and fascinating. Thanks to them we can initiate movement, control its duration and smoothly end it. The area of cerebral cortex responsible for the movements of the whole upper limb, especially the palm, thumb and fingers, occupies a surprisingly large area, compared to other body parts.
If we have capable hands we can perform most activities, as a result of which we are much more independent of other persons, even if we are wheelchair-bound. Not many people know that fitness of hands is important in development of speech. Stimulation of the palm directly stimulates the brain center responsible for palms and indirectly Broca’s area. This suggests that it is worth working on the feeling and fitness of hands whenever children have problems with speech. In addition, the palms hold receptors responsible for all body organs. Therefore palm fitness is of utmost importance in the functioning of the whole body.
The hand therapy is aimed at stimulating the fitness of the so-called small motor skills, i.e. precise movements of the palm and fingers, and providing tactile sensations and cognition of different shapes and material textures, and acquiring the skills to differentiate them. But primarily this therapy aims to develop independence in performing basic daily life activities.
Thanks to carefully selected exercises and massages we increase:
- motor fitness of the whole upper limb,
- manipulative fitness of the palm,
- grasping skills,
- coordination between palms,
- as a result of which we obtain high independence in performing daily activities.