The NDT-Bobath method is used successfully with premature newborns, infants and older children who have neurological, orthopedic and genetic syndromes or show retardation. Each exercise is aimed to counteract all irregularities present. The main aim of the therapy is to achieve the best possible quality of movement. This is achieved through developing the control of the head, torso and pelvis, and active maintenance of the center of gravity. Selecting the exercises the therapist takes into account the child’s individual needs and capabilities.
Recommendations for the therapy. If you have noticed any of the following in your child:
- excessive straightening of the head
- tightening of lower limbs
- putting feet down in a “ballet-like” manner
- limb trembling
- strong fist clenching
- unwillingness to lie on the tummy
- constant deflection of the head towards one shoulder
- torso turning only on one side
- problems with bending and unbending legs during nappy changing
What do NDT-Bobath method exercises involve?
The objective is always to prepare the child to participate in normal family and social life. This personalized approach makes it possible to take into account the child’s psychological needs, the level of their fitness, the disorders present, and family and environmental conditions. The NDT-Bobath method treatment is by definition comprehensive, i.e. each exercise is aimed at preventing all irregularities rather than stimulating a selected body part. The main aim of the exercises is to achieve the best possible quality of movement. This is achieved through developing the control of the head, torso and pelvis, and active maintenance of the center of gravity. Selecting the exercises the therapist takes into account the child’s individual needs and capabilities.
In the NDT-Bobath therapy the therapist:
1) influences the muscle tone by reducing increased tone and increasing decreased tone, which is possible thanks to using appropriate techniques already from the first months of life;
2) freeing up movements that are as close as possible to correct ones, which is achieved through supporting and leading the movement from key points, i.e. movement control points, which are: head, shoulder girdle, pelvic girdle and other body parts;
3) teaches the correct postural reflex mechanisms – righting and adjustment reactions;
4) restrains pathological patterns and teaches correct patterns;
5) leads the movement until the child independently takes over the movement which is as close to the correct one as possible and automates it for its own use into a function