Olinek Suit Therapy
APPLICATION OF THE SUITS – HOW DOES IT WORK?
The suit is not a therapy in itself – it is a very effective tool but it requires appropriate application. Broad knowledge of the physiotherapists on application of other rehabilitation methods is required. The following methods are used during therapy: PNF, Bobath, Manual Therapy, Kinesiotaping, Thera Band, and elements of Sensory Integration, Doman-Delacato, Kinezytherapy. In addition, a lot of rehabilitation equipment is used: UGUL, Spider, standing frames, balls, rubbers, sensory pillows, suspended platforms and many others.
The main aim of the PNF method is to recover motor activities (re-education) subordinated to physiological sequence of motor development and conducted on the basis of movements similar to those performed in daily life. The procedures are based on accumulation of different types of afferent stimuli (mainly visual, auditory, proprioceptive, touching and balancing). This method does not use isolated movements in individual joints and in typical planes. All the movement is the result of conscious efforts of the patient, supported by routing elements which include muscle stretching and other periarticular elements, pulling and pressing, strengthening muscle activity through proper resistance, proper grasp, and ensuring appropriate conditions and sequence of muscle work.
Exercises are normally performed using one of many methods, each of which has different application.
The basic techniques used in this method include:
- Repeated contractions – belonging to the so-called agonistic techniques and aimed mainly at teaching the movement and developing strength and muscle endurance;
- Rhythmical initiation of movement – belonging to the same group, used with persons who have problems with initiating movement (stiffness, spasticity);
- Change of the direction of movement to the opposite direction – as an inseparable component of most movements performed in daily life. It belongs to the group of antagonistic techniques, using 3 key return exercise options – slow changes of the direction of movement, slow changes of the direction of movement with “holding” and rhythmical stabilization;
- Relaxing techniques – with passive or active movement outside the scope of mobility constraint, but after prior relaxation, which is obtained primarily through post-isometric relaxation;
- Additional physical measures supplementing the above techniques
Additional exercises concentrate on two aspects – patient’s self-sufficiency and important living functions, i.e. breathing and improvement of breathing mechanics, eye, mouth and tongue movements and swallowing, and bladder and intestine stimulation and reeducation of face muscles.